Application note - GPIO on fitlet2 with FC-SCG running Linux

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Revision as of 10:35, 5 March 2019 by Tamir (Talk | contribs) (I2C GPIO extender binding and usage)

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  • This application note applies to fitlet2 with FC-SCG FACET-Card running Linux.
  • It provides an example of how to use the supported I2C GPIO extender feature of FC-SCG under Linux.

I2C GPIO extender binding and usage

1. Make sure that the kernel you use supports the necessary driver.
Check the following entries in the kernel config:


2. Make sure that the appropriate I2C bus is enabled in BIOS settings:
Chipset -> South Cluster Configuration -> LPSS Configuration LPSS I2C #[1-8] Support is set to ACPI mode or PCI mode Set LPSS I2C #[1-8] Speed is set to Standard Mode of Fast Mode
NOTE: It’s strongly recommended that All buses are enabled in the range 1-7

3.Find the GPIO extender on an I2C bus:

readonly dev_func='17.2' 
busnum=$(ls -l /sys/bus/i2c/devices/ | sed -ne 
"/${dev_func}\/i2c_designware/ s/^.*i2c-\(digit:\{1,2\}\)$/\1/p") 
busaddr=$(i2cdetect -y -r $busnum | sed -ne 
printf "Device found @ 0x%x on bus %i\n" $busaddr $busnum 

Note: PCA9335 chip should be found at address 0x27, whereas XRA1201 chip at 0x4e

4. Bind the above found device to driver (superuser privileges are necessary)

echo pca9535 $busaddr >/sys/bus/i2c/devices/i2c-${busnum}/new_device 

and check the kernel debug messages for a line like that:

i2c i2c-7: new_device: Instantiated device pca9535 at 0x27

5. To find the appropriate GPIO issue the command:

ls /sys/bus/i2c/drivers/pca953x/

and look the output for a line like this:


and then issue the command:

ls /sys/class/gpio/gpiochip*/device -l

and look the output for a line like this:

/sys/class/gpio/gpiochip251/device -> ../../../7-0027

The bus number and address have to be the same in the both cases (7 and 27 in the example). Hence, the gpiochip251 is the sought; the individual GPIO line number are from 251 to 251+15

6. The found GPIO may be operated over sysfs interface in the following way: issue the commands:

export n=251 # desired GPIO number
echo $n >/sys/class/gpio/export
echo out >/sys/class/gpio/gpio$n/direction # desired direction in/out
cat /sys/class/gpio/gpio$n/value # read the input value
echo 1 > /sys/class/gpio/gpio$n/value # write a value for output